Redis is a key-value style data-structures store. The key length as well as the value can be as large as 512 MB. The 'value' in Redis can be one of the multiple data structures.
Performance of Redis depends on whether it is running in persistent mode (saving data to disk) or in-memory mode (all contents are within the specified memory limits). Default configurations run in persistent mode. However, depending on use-case (data structures stored, amount of data stored etc.), performance of Redis can be between "a little slower" to "just a little faster" than memcached. However, implementation of Redis is way more powerful because of the data-structures implementation.
## Usage of Predis library
Predis is a popular (and widely regarded one of the most powerful) library for Redis written in PHP. QCubed uses Predis for using Redis as cache. QCubed's cache system cannot use Redis unless you install Predis. It is also a suggested package in our
You can simply use
composer require "predis/predis":"^1" to install. Please see the project page for installation instructions.
## QCubed Implementation
QCubed's Redis Cache system is non-opinionated. What we mean to convey is - we do not limit you by how you want to set your system up. Start your redis server the way you want (server modes cannot be set by QCubed) and use the connection parameters in the configuration file to connect with the server.
Redis cache provider's options are taken in an array by using the definition:
define ('CACHE_PROVIDER_OPTIONS', serialize( array( 'parameters' => array(), 'options' => array() ) ));
The configuration must always contain the 'parameters' and 'options' keys. These go in the constructor of
Predis\Client. Please see the project page if you want to use custom connection options for your redis-server installation.
Expiration of keys
Keys can be set to auto-expire in Redis (like in other cache service providers). However, there is a special behavior for Redis cache controlled by a named constant -
_REDIS_CACHE_PROVIDER_DEFAULT_TTL_. We will first tell you why we treat Redis cache differently.
Of all cache providers, Redis is the only one which persists its data on disk. LocalMemory provider would invalidate caches after request ends. NoCache invalidates caches immediately. APC would invalidate after webserver/fpm service restart. Memcache would invalidate after memcache service or server restarts.
By default, Redis does not exhibit such a behavior. All keys will go on getting saved until they are manually deleted or are evicted because of a expire time applied to the key when setting the value. Since caches should be automatically managed and should use limited resources, it is important that they free resources from time to time. Each cache provider has these limitations in place while a server-reboot is the final solution to a error or resource-overusage for them. The only method Redis' default installation gives us for automatically managing resource usage (in this case, storage) is setting an expire-time on keys using which Redis automatically frees up memory/storage. The
_REDIS_CACHE_PROVIDER_DEFAULT_TTL_ named constant allows us to control Redis' storage requirement.
When this value is set, each cache key set into Redis by using QCubed's built in Cache-Provider mechanism gets a default expiration time. The expiration time is equal to the number of seconds this value is defined as.
You have defined the value in
Later, when you save a value into Redis cache using:
QApplication::$objCacheProvider->Set('someKey1', $strSomeValue, 60);
Then someKey1 will automatically be removed from cache in 60 seconds. This is because you passed the third argument into the method as 60, which overrides the defaults.
However, if you were to set another key using:
Then someKey2 will be removed from the cache in 2 hours (7200 seconds).
If you set the value to 0 (or anything else which is evaluated as 0 by PHP), like:
This this statement:
Will not set a default expiration time and the value corresponding to someKey3 will stay in Redis cache untill you remove it.
However, this statement:
QApplication::$objCacheProvider->Set('someKey4', $strSomeValue, 60);
would still make someKey4 expire after 1 minute.
Full power of Redis is available
QApplication::$objCacheProvider created for Redis Caching is a wrapper around
Predis\Client instance and can take all commands like
sismember For example:
would save 2,5 and 10 into a Set data structure named keyS.
If you have a persistent Redis instance, you can use the caching system to use the entire Redis functionality using the Predis library.